in the film. An extreme long shot can be used to give the
audience an overall view of the setting before the main
action is introduced The use of an ELS is an effective
way to capture audience interest from the start. Extreme
long shots should normally be taken from a high vantage
point, such as from a tall building, a hilltop, or an
aircraft. Extreme long shots are used primarily in films
and are seldom used in video productions.
the props are shown with an LS to acquaint the audience
with their overall appearance and location within the
scene. An LS is used to establish all elements within the
scene so the audience knows who and what is involved
and where they are located An LS, therefore, tells
where. It establishes where the action is taking place.
when their locations in the scene are significant.
Following actors from location to location within a
scene area with closeup shots confuses the viewer about
the location of the subject within the scene.
make identification of actors somewhat difficult, an LS
is usually short and the subjects will be identifiable in
the main subject or a longer focal-length lens is used to
bring the main element of the scene into full frame or
center of interest for the audience and answers the
show clearly the facial expressions, gestures, or
movements of a single actor or a small group of actors.
still showing enough of the surroundings so the audience
does not become disoriented. Motion-media coverage
should normally progress from a long shot, to a medium
shot, to a close-up, then back to a medium shot. This
action of primary interest The portion selected of an
overall scene, such as a face, a small object, or a small
part of the action, may be filmed with a closeup shot.
Close-ups give the audience a detailed view of the most
important part or action within a scene. Close-ups also
help to build audience interest in the film. The CU shot
can be used to "move" the audience into the scene,
eliminate nonessentials, or isolate a significant incident.
Closeup shots should be reserved for important parts of
the story so they deliver impact to the audience.
shot (ECU), so their images are magnified on the screen.
Small machine parts, such as calibrations on a ruler or
a match at the end of a cigarette, can be very effective
when shown on a full screen in an ECU.
this goal is reached, the film has good continuity.
Continuity plays a major role in the success or failure of
a project. Without good continuity, a motion video
would be nothing more than a jumbled mass of unrelated
still-pictures. On the other hand, good continuity in a
film encourages the audience to become absorbed in the
film. Continuity then is the smooth flow of action or
events from one shot or sequence to the next. Continuity
is the correlation of details such as props, lighting, sound
level, image placement, and direction of movement
scribbled notes, or it can be an elaborate script. The
better the shooting plan, the better your chances of
success in achieving good continuity. Another way you
can learn to create good continuity is to watch and
Basic Photography Course