One of the first and most important points to remember
is to pan slowly and smoothly. Panning appears faster
on the screen than it actually is; therefore, camera pans
must be slow and consistent while maintaining a
smooth, steady panning motion. When panning a
moving object, you must keep pace with the object and
allow for subject lead room. Panning too fast may make
the viewer dizzy; therefore, it is advisable not to position
the camera too close to the subject. The farther the
subject is from the camera, the slower the pan required
to follow the subject at a given speed.
rehearse the pan before you actually shoot. Know
pan. Practice the pan several times without recording on
tape. Make the pan shot only after you can do it smoothly
with the use of a tripod or other suitable camera support.
Good handheld pans are always difficult to achieve.
the entire arc of the pan with a spirit bubble level located
on top of the tripod head.
feet in this position, "wind" yourself around to the start
pan position. As the pan progresses, "unwind" into the
most comfortable position for a smooth stop. When
using a tripod, be careful not to bump into the tripod as
tall structures in one shot or to follow action, such as a
accomplish the desired effect.
Usually, you start and end a tilt with a stationary shot.
is the way people naturally look at tall objects. There
may be times, however, when you may start a tilt at the
top and move down; for example, you might show
flames coming out from the top-floor windows of a
skyscraper, then tilt down to show the fire trucks
arriving. When you are following action with a tilt, the
type of action determines the direction of tilt. Also, as
with a horizontal pan, you should show enough of the
subject with its location.
they are there and participating in whatever is happening
on the screen. They can be made to feel that they are
moving along with the action as it develops, they
become even more involved. Changes in the camera
several different positions, as though they were moving
within the scene. This adds variety and makes the
images they see more interesting because something is
a little different about each one. However, be careful to
keep these camera-angle changes from confusing the
viewers. If the changes are so different that they seem
to be in other locations, the viewers lose their
orientation. When choosing the camera angle, be sure
you present the subject from the best possible vantage
point and create the proper psychological effect.
the apparent speeding up or slowing down action.
Objects moving at right angles to the lens (across the
lens axis) appear to be moving faster than objects
approaching the lens directly or going straight away
from it. You can vary the apparent speed of objects by
Basic Photography Course