Table 7-1.­Corrective Treatments­Continued
Treatment
Keep chin in shadow
Have subject lean forward and look at camera
Use full, front pose
Use low-camera viewpoint
Use high-camera viewpoint
Use low-camera viewpoint
Use low-camera viewpoint
Use high-camera viewpoint
Keep neck in shadow
Keep in shadow
Turn bad side of face from camera
Apply makeup to a pimple or sore spot
Problem
Double chin
Small chin
Square face
Oval face with a weak chin
Short neck
Long neck
Facial blemishes
When the exposure is based on the illumination intensity
of the main light, the indicated f/stop produces
underexposed shadow areas of the negative. With
black-and-white negative film, the underexposure to the
shadow areas may not be enough to cause loss of shadow
detail. This is because of the greater exposure latitude
and film processing latitude of black-and-white film
compared to color negative film. With color negative
film, however, underexposure to the shadow areas may
cause loss of shadow detail and a color shift in the
shadow areas that is uncontrollable in printing.
Remember, basing your portrait exposure on the fill
light alone applies only when the lighting ratios are
within about a 2:1 to 4:1 range. Beyond a 4:1 lighting
ratio, you may have to calculate your exposure based on
both the main and fill lights.
likeness of, and satisfactorily identify the applicant.
Passport photographs must meet the following
requirements:
Photographs must be 2x2 inches in overall size.
The image size, measured from the bottom of the
chin to the top of the head (including hair), shall
be not less than 1 inch or more than 1 3/8 inches.
A quick method to determine the correct image
size is the head should fit inside the frame of a
35mm slide mount.
PASSPORT PHOTOGRAPHS
Passport photographs should only be provided to
United States military personnel, their dependents, and
employees of the federal government when required for
executing official orders. Providing such photography
for purposes and to individuals other than this is an
infringement of the rights and commercial enterprise
and may violate U.S. Navy Regulations.
Passport photographs may be in color or black
and white. Black-and-white photographs that
have been tinted or otherwise colored are not
acceptable. Prints which have been retouched to
the extent that the applicant's appearance has
been changed are also not acceptable. However,
prints that have been retouched merely to
eliminate shadows and lines are acceptable.
Photographs that depict the applicant as relaxed
and smiling are encouraged. Photographs should
be portrait-type prints, meeting the size and
image specifications listed above. Photographs
must be clear, front view, full face, with a light,
plain background.
Passport photographs are normally taken on
A passport photograph serves to identify the
Polaroid film with a camera designed for passport
passport applicant. When glasses, a hearing aid,
photographs. The photographs must portray a good
a wig, or similar articles are normally worn, these
7-19

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