are trying to induce the expression that will show off the
subject to the best advantage, be particularly observant
of the details necessary to maintain a neat appearance
and good composition.
the subject is lighted can actually set the mood of a
portrait. The best portrait lighting will simulate natural
faces illuminated from above and to one side with
shadows cast downward and on one side or the other.
Light coming from below eye level casts shadows
upward and produces an unnatural, ghastly effect. Good
portrait lighting shows off the subject to the best
advantage, emphasizing the form and expressiveness of
the facial features. When lighting appears pleasing and
natural in a portrait, it produces prominent highlights on
the forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin with enough
key light; the other is the fill or fill-in light.
short, butterfly, Rembrandt, split, and rim. These names
have been assigned because of the visual effects the
lighting creates when it falls on the subject from a given
direction. This visual effect is derived from the
modeling light. Other light sources that may be added
to the modeling light to enhance the subject are as
under the nose.
high and to the side of the face turned away from the
the face in shadow.
other side of the face in shadow.
emphasizing or de-emphasizing the curvature and
characteristic features of the face with highlights and
shadows. The modeling light should always be the one
dominant light source in a portrait because it controls
the direction of the shadows.
three-quarter lighting, side lighting, frontlighting, and
backlighting. When reading other books on portrait
lighting, you will often encounter other names
depending on what the author wanted to call the
lightings. You, as a Navy Photographer's Mate, will
short) and front (butterfly) lighting.
designate the lighting as right or left of the subject.
the effect and view the subject from the camera position,
preferably through the viewfinder.
most often use for official portraits. The only difference
between the two is the position of the main light and the
way it illuminates the subject.
lighting is used, the side of the subject's face that is away
from the camera is illuminated. This puts the side of the
face towards the camera in shadow. By putting the side
of the face towards the camera in shadow, you can
provide a slimming effect.
Basic Photography Course