portraiture. A portrait should emphasize the person,
rather than the person's environment or something
associated with the person. However, a pictorial
representation that portrays only a recognizable likeness
of a person is not enough. A portrait must be more than
conclusions about the subject. By manipulating
expressions, posing, lighting, and environments, a
portrait photographer can portray any mood from
happiness to gloom, as well as the personality of a
subject. Posing the subject with familiar objects and
environments can produce a more natural expression
and pose because the subject will be more at ease.
Articles or props included in the scene can help tell more
about the subject.
people. Portrait photographers vary considerably in
their styles and techniques. The subjects of portraits vary
in their likes and dislikes. There is no one blueprint or
formula that will assure success.
the subject is always changing and challenging the
Photographer's Mates. To meet the challenge of portrait
photography, you must have vision, good judgment, and
woman knows she is beautiful, and in a picture, she
wants to appear beautiful-so make her beautiful. Some
flattery may be necessary, but you should not overdo it.
Men know their features; they know whether they
appear dignified; they know whether they appear to have
great strength of character; and they are correct in
expecting the photographer to emphasize these good
points. The subject expects a true portrait-a good
expression and a natural pose, a portrait that shows
reflects his or her character and features.
form a smile, a laugh, or a frown leaves lines on the
forehead, around the eyes, nose, and mouth. These lines
and expressions form facial character. They are subdued
or exaggerated by the way you light the subject. You
should not eliminate character lines altogether, but, you
should only soften them with lighting. A face has
features: two eyes, a nose, a mouth, and two ears, but
photographically these features are not equally
important. To the portrait photographer, the most
important and most expressive are the eyes; the mouth
is second only to the eyes.
enough to take full notice of it-until it is photographed.
When you photograph an expression at the wrong
instant, all the bad points appear exaggerated.
light it to represent the natural features and character
accurately. Do not try to capture that fleeting expression.
It is not the expression that shows that person's true
character. What you want is a person's natural
expression. A softness of expression is best-neither too
sharp nor too faint; not too lively or too gloomy.
equipment works, where the color quality of the light
can be controlled, and where the photographer and
subject can move from pose to pose without
interruption. Avoid using the portrait studio as a crew's
lounge or lunchroom. The portrait studio should always
be clean and neat. The portrait studio is one of the few
overall condition of your photo lab.
Basic Photography Course