than color, to record the subject. Shadows caused by side
lighting reveal details that can create striking pictures
from ordinary objects that are otherwise hardly worth
photographing in black and white. Anything that has a
noticeable texture-like the ripples of sand on a beach,
for example-gains impact when lit from the side.
Landscapes, buildings, people, all look better when
may make up for a lack of texture in frontlighting, but
often the result is much better when lit from the side.
reduce the contrast, you may want to use some type of
reflector to direct additional skylight into the shadow
areas or use fill-in flash, whichever is more convenient.
backlighting; that is, the subject is backlit. This type of
lighting can be very effective for pictures of people
outdoors in bright sunlight. In bright sunlight, when
be uncomfortable and squint their eyes. Backlighting
helps to eliminate this problem. Backlighting may also
require the use of a reflector or fill-in flash to brighten
up the dark shadows and improve subject detail.
Backlighting is also used to produce a silhouette effect.
A lens hood or some other means of shading the lens
should be used to prevent lens flare.
includes light from table, floor, and ceiling lights, neon
signs, windows, skylights, candles, fireplaces, auto
mobile headlights, and any other type of light that
provides the natural lighting of a scene-except daylight
outdoors. (Moonlight is considered existing light.)
Existing light then is that type of light found in the home,
in the office, in the hangar bay, in the chapel, in the club,
in the sports arenas, and so on. Outdoor scenes at
twilight or after dark are also existing light situations.
picture may look artificial when compared to a good
existing light photograph. With existing light
photography, the photographer has an opportunity to
make dramatic, creative pictures. Existing light allows
the photographer greater freedom of movement because
Basic Photography Course