Each year, millions of pictures are taken and an
systems enter the market.
Unlike some of the older arts that take years of
training to produce an acceptable product, anyone can
quickly learn how to take a picture; however,
photographic techniques must be mastered before you
can become an accomplished photographer;
therefore, mastery of the basic fundamentals is the
foundation upon which you will build your
Photographer's Mate. The photographic techniques
presented in this chapter are essential in producing
quality photographs, and you can apply each of these
picture, keeping your camera steady when shooting
is crucial. The longer the exposure or focal-length
lens you use, the more crucial holding your camera
steady becomes; therefore, there are many instances
when the use of a tripod or some other type of camera
support is necessary.
ensure quality results. These are not necessarily the
only or even the best ways to support a camera. You
should practice supporting your camera using various
methods; then select those that are most appropriate
for the situation and the subject being photographed.
Concentrate on composing through the viewfinder,
focusing, selecting shutter speeds and f/stops, holding
and winding the film.
not have one with you or the situation makes the use
of a tripod impossible. In these situations, if you use
proper precautions, it is possible to take high-quality
pictures using hand-held methods.
about 1/60 second. When a long lens is used, this
produced by long lenses are affected more by camera
movement. Also, it is more difficult to control the
weight and greater size of a long lens when it is
hand-held. As a general rule, the slowest
recommended shutter speed is the reciprocal of the
focal length of the lens; for example, when you are
using a 500mm lens, the slowest shutter speed you
should use is 1/500 second. When handholding your
camera, be sure to have a good, solid, but not tense
grip on the camera. Use your whole body as a firm
support. Your elbows should be close to your body and
your feet spread apart to provide good balance. In this
position your body is acting as a tripod. When
possible, you should try steadying yourself by leaning
against something solid like a wall, tree, or post.
should be pulled solidly against your body. Just before
releasing the shutter, take a deep breath, let out part
of the air-hold the rest, and squeeze the shutter release
as if firing a gun.
kneeling, and firmly rest your elbows on one or both
knees. When you are taking low-angle photographs,
lying on the ground with the camera in front of you is
another simple way to keep the camera reasonably
Basic Photography Course