Bernard a bath in a washtub. Just the idea conjures
up images of soap and water everywhere. This is the
kind of photograph that is explicit, and when the
quality is good, it transmits the message effortlessly.
the message is strong and emotional. The
photographer has a particular feeling he or she wishes
to bring out in the reader. This is the type of picture
that moved Congress to pass laws prohibiting child
labor (fig. 1-2).
subject. Once the originator of an assignment
provides the photographer with an idea of the kind of
pictures desired, it is up to you, as the photographer,
to perform the necessary research.
transparencies? What are the size requirements of the
pictures, as well as in what publication, if any, will
they be used? Where is each photograph to be
used--as a cover by itself or in connection with other
photographs for a story? Will the prints be used in an
exhibition or placed on display somewhere"?
research will provide the necessary details you need to
plan the shooting and to bring together all the
necessary elements of the photographs.
be simple. When you produce feature pictures, you
must work carefully and take time to consider and
evaluate your approach. Unlike a news assignment, a
feature picture assignment permits you to exercise
more control over the situation. You are better able
to control the subject, lighting, and composition.
leading lines, and the foreground and background
must be controlled to best tell the story. When the
picture elements are arranged, you must think of what
is included, what is missing, and what is suggested.
and subject selection are significant. Imaginative
lighting can be used to create a mood. Many
photographers take full advantage of fast lenses and
fast film to use available light.
perspective with various focal-length lenses. The
camera position is also important. You can use a
distant panoramic shot to set the scene and a closeup
shot to emphasize significant detail. Shooting from a
low camera angle adds stature to the subject. A high
flash and fast-shutter speeds can "freeze" action and
"stop" what is too fast for the eye to see. By using
the right application of slow-shutter speeds, you can
blur moving objects, giving an illusion of movement
to your pictures. Time exposures of moving lights
create motion patterns, as does panning the camera
with the subject. The serious photojournalist also
skillfully controls depth of field.
This means that the print must have full highlight and
shadow detail. The print must be of proper density,
never so light or so dark that it loses detail. Contrast
should always be normal, unless the subject matter
requires higher or lower contrast. Printing in a
newspaper, book, or magazine tends to increase the
A display print, on the other hand, is viewed directly
and does not go through the lithographic process.
But, here again, the best possible print must be made
with detail in highlights and shadows. It must have
proper contrast and density and be dust- and spot-free.
It is important for you to know how the photograph is
going to be viewed
Advanced Photography Course